Educação e igualdade: desmontando o mito da meritocracia

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25053/edufor.v2i4.2375

Palavras-chave:

Educação, Mercado de trabalho, Capitalismo, Meritocracia

Resumo

Este artigo explora como a educação pós-guerra foi construída como a principal forma pela qual uma sociedade meritocrática poderia aparentemente ser criada na Grã-                 -Bretanha. O conceito de meritocracia de uma sociedade justa, em que há a igualdade de oportunidades na educação para todos, não importando origem nem classe social, aparentemente fornece a base segundo a qual a alocação no mercado de trabalho seria igualitária. Como este artigo argumenta, nada na educação opera fora da economia política mais ampla, o que no capitalismo é inerentemente desigual, uma vez que é sustentado pela existência de classes sociais antagonicamente opostas, separadas umas das outras pelo acesso desigual aos meios de circulação e produção. O sistema social do Reino Unido que ocorreu nos anos do pós-guerra não diminuiu as desigualdades dentro da estrutura de classes, mas sim o produto da reestruturação do trabalho, o que promoveu altas taxas de mobilidade estrutural. A “atribuição”, em vez da “capacidade”, continuou, consequentemente, a facilitar a questão da estratificação no mercado.

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Biografia do Autor

Spyros Themelis, University of East Anglia, Reino Unido

Senior Lecturer in Education, School of Education & Lifelong Learning. University of East Anglia, Reino Unido.

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Publicado

2017-01-02

Como Citar

THEMELIS, S. Educação e igualdade: desmontando o mito da meritocracia. Educ. Form., [S. l.], v. 2, n. 4, p. 03–17, 2017. DOI: 10.25053/edufor.v2i4.2375. Disponível em: https://revistas.uece.br/index.php/redufor/article/view/120. Acesso em: 20 out. 2021.