A história da formação inicial de professores no Canadá: Quebec e Ontário

Autores

  • Elizabeth Smyth University of Toronto
  • Thérère Hamel Université Laval

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25053/edufor.v1i1.1606

Palavras-chave:

Formação de professores, Políticas educacionais, Canadá

Resumo

Este artigo traça a história da formação de professores no Canadá a partir do século XVII até o presente, centrando-se na formação de professores nos idiomas inglês, língua dominante na província de Ontário, e francês, língua dominante na província do Québec. Devido à natureza descentralizada da educação no Canadá, é na província, não em âmbito nacional, em que as políticas e práticas de formação de professores são desenvolvidas e entregues. Como a própria história do Canadá, a história da formação de professores é marcada por conflitos – de gênero, religião, poder, classe, raça, língua e etnia – que influenciam na maneira como a formação de professores lutou para reivindicar um espaço próprio na academia e exercer a sua autoridade dentro da torre de marfim. O artigo considera como as lutas históricas e sucessos podem informar e suscitar reflexões críticas acerca das práticas atuais.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

A GOOD thing for the Hamilton. The Hamilton Spectator, 14 August 1985. n.p.

ANGUS, J. T. A new direction in teacher education in Ontario. Address, Teacher Education section of the Ontario Education Association, 1970.

ARCHIBALD, J. Indigenous storywork: educating the heart, mind, body and spirit. Vancouver, BC: UBC, 2008.

ASSOCIATION OF CANADIAN DEANS OF EDUCATION (ACDE). Accords. Retrieved from: <http://www.csse-scee.ca/acde/accords>. 2014.

AUBIN, P. (Ed.). 300 ans de manuels scolaires au Québec. Montréal, QC: Bibliotheque et Archives nationales du Québec; Québec, QC: Université Laval, 2006.

BARMAN, J. H.; MCCASKILL, D. Indian education in Canada: volume 2: The challenges. Vancouver, BC: UBC, 1987.

BATTISTE, M. Indigenous knowledge and pedagogy in First Nations education: A literature review with recommendations. Paper prepared for the National Working Group on Education Available and the Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs. Retrieved from: <http://www.afn.ca/

uploads/files/education/24._2002_oct_marie_battiste_indigenousknowledgeandpedagogy_lit_review_for_min_working_group.pdf>. 2002.

BELL, D. Sharing our success: ten case studies in Aboriginal schooling. Kelowna, BC: Society for the Advancement of Excellence in Education (SAFE), 2004.

COMMISSION royale d'enquête sur l'enseignement dans la province de Québec. Rapport de la Commission royale d'enquête sur l'enseignement dans la province de Québec (Vols. 1-5). Québec, QC: du Québec, 1963.

CURTIS, B. Ruling by schooling Québec: conquest to liberal governmentality – a historical sociology. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto, 2012.

DRUMMOND, A. Gender, profession, and principals: The teachers of Québec Protestant academies, 1875-1900. Revue d’histoire de l’éducation/Historical Studies in Education, v. 2, n. 1, p. 59-71, 1990.

DUFOUR, A. Les maîtresses d’écoles indépendantes: Une contribution essentielle à l’éducation de la jeunesse montréalaise du premier tiers du XIX siècle. In: TARDY, E. (Ed.). Les bâtisseuses de la cité: actes du colloque les bâtisseuses de la cité dans le cadre de la section d’études féministes du congress de l’ACFAS 1992. Montréal, QC: Université de Montréal, 1993. p. 124-139.

DUFOUR, A. Les institutrices du Bas-Canada: incompetentes et inexperimentées? Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française, v. 51, n. 4, p. 521-548, 1998.

DUFOUR, A. Les premières enseignantes laïques de Québec: le cas de Montréal, 1825-35. Histoire de l’education, Paris, v. 198, p. 3-32, 2006.

DYDE, S. W. Should there be a faculty of education in the university? Queen’s Quarterly, v. 12, p. 177, 1904.

ERRINGTON, E. J. Wives and mothers, school mistresses and scullery maids. Working women in Upper Canada, 1790-1840. Montréal, QC: McGill-Queen's, 1995.

FALKENBERG, T. (Ed.). Handbook of Canadian research in initial teacher education. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Association for Teacher Education: 2015.

FLEMING, W. G. Ontario’s educative society: Supporting institutions and services. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto, 1971.

GALARNEAU, C. Les collèges classiques au Canada-francais (1620-1970). Montréal, QC: Fides, 1978.

GALARNEAU, C. Les écoles privées à Québec, 1760-1859. Cahiers des dix, v. 45, p. 95-113, 1990.

GIDNEY, R. From Hope to Harris. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto, 1999.

GIDNEY, R. D.; MILLAR, W. P. J. How schools worked: Public school in English Canada, 1900-1940. Montréal, QC: McGill-Queen’s University, 2012.

HAMEL, T. Le déracinement des écoles normales: le transfert de la formation des maîtres à l’université. Québec, QC: IQRC, 1991.

HAMEL, T. Les religieuses enseignantes auraient-elles fait la Révolution tranquille si on leur en avait laissé le temps? In: TARDY, E. (Ed.). Les bâtisseuses de la cité: actes du colloque les bâtisseuses de la cité dans le cadre de la section d’études féministes du congress de l’ACFAS 1992. Montréal, QC: Université de Montréal, 1993. p. 149-166.

HAMEL, T. Un siècle de formation des maîtres au Québec, 1836-1939. Montréal, QC: HMH, 1995.

KITCHEN, J.; PETRARCA, D. Teacher preparation in Ontario: A history. Teaching and Learning, v. 8, n. 1, p. 56-71, 2013.

LEBRUN, M. (Ed.). Le manuel scolaire: D’ici et d’ailleurs, d’hier à demain. Québec, QC: Université du Québec, 2007.

MACLEOD, C.R. (Chair). Report of the Minister’s Committee on the Training of Elementary School Teachers. (The Mcleod Report) Toronto, ON: Ontario Department of Education, 1966.

MCCARTHY, R. From Teachers’ Colleges to Faculties of Education. In: REES, W. (Ed.). Teacher education: a search for new relationships. Toronto, ON: Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 1970. p. 3-11.

ONTARIO DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION. Calendar of Teachers’ Colleges, 1968.

ONTARIO LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY. Debates and Proceedings, 200ge. 1966, March 28.

ONTARIO MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. For the love of learning: Royal Commission on Learning. Retrieved from: <https://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/general/abcs/rcom/full/volume3/sectionb.pdf>. 1995.

SENATE OF LAKEHEAD UNIVERSITY. Senate minutes (Meeting 3S) [Proposed agreement between the Minister of Education and Lakehead University, regarding the matter of Teacher Education]. 1969, March 22.

SMYTH, E. “It should be the centre… of professional training in education”: The Faculty of Education of the University of Toronto, 1871-1996. Tidskrift, v. 3-4, p. 135-152, 2003.

SMYTH, E. Learning to teach: Ontario’s elementary school teacher education 1960-1974. Education Research and Perspectives, v. 33, n. 2, p. 80-101, 2006.

SMYTH, E.; HAMEL, T. The history of initial teacher education in Canada: Québec and Ontario. FALKENBERG, T. (Ed.). Handbook of Canadian research in initial teacher education. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Association for Teacher Education: 2015. p. 115-128.

VERETTE, M. The spread of literacy. In: FLEMING, P.; GALIICHAN, G.; LAMONDE, Y. (Ed.). The history of the book in Canada: beginnings to 1840. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto, 2004. p. 167-171.

Downloads

Publicado

2016-01-04

Como Citar

SMYTH, E.; HAMEL, T. A história da formação inicial de professores no Canadá: Quebec e Ontário. Educ. Form., [S. l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 88–109, 2016. DOI: 10.25053/edufor.v1i1.1606. Disponível em: https://revistas.uece.br/index.php/redufor/article/view/93. Acesso em: 24 set. 2021.