Funcionalidade do componente N400 e aplicação em estudos de processamento figurativo

Uma revisão sistemática

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46230/2674-8266-13-7263

Palavras-chave:

N400, Processamento figurativo, ERP, Metáfora, Idiomático, Acesso lexical

Resumo

Os estudos eletrofisiológicos permitem análises detalhadas sobre o curso temporal do processamento da linguagem. Na pesquisa em linguagem figurativa, a técnica mais empregada são os Potenciais Relacionados a Eventos (ERPs). O N400 é o componente ERP mais estudado e geralmente é descrito como um marcador de dificuldade ou esforço no processamento semântico. No entanto, muitos resultados controversos sobre o N400 foram encontrados. Duas razões principais podem ser levantadas para esses resultados: (1) dificuldades metodológicas no controle de variáveis psicolinguísticas que sabidamente afetam o processamento da linguagem e (2) diferentes interpretações sobre o que o N400 indexa. Nesta revisão sistemática nossos principais objetivos são: (1) fornecer um panorama geral dos estudos sobre o componente N400 aplicado à linguagem metafórica e idiomática e (2) discutir as diferentes visões adotadas por pesquisadores em relação às teorias funcionais do N400 e como o ERP estuda o processamento figurativo se encaixam em cada uma dessas teorias. Encontramos duas interpretações principais sobre o processo que é indexado pelo N400: N400 como um marcador de acesso lexical ou como um marcador de integração semântica. Também descobrimos que essa dicotomia tem impacto na escolha de modelos para explicar os resultados sobre o processamento da linguagem figurativa.

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Biografia do Autor

Edgard Pereira Neves, UFABC

Center of Mathematics, Computing and Cognition, Federal University of ABC (CMCC-UFABC), São Bernardo do Campo (SP), Brazil.

André Mascioli Cravo, Universidade Federal do ABC - UFABC

Center of Mathematics, Computing and Cognition, Federal University of ABC (CMCC-UFABC), São Bernardo do Campo (SP), Brazil.

Maria Teresa Carthery-Goulart, Universidade Federal do ABC - UFABC

1 - Center of Mathematics, Computing and Cognition, Federal University of ABC (CMCC-UFABC), São Bernardo do Campo (SP), Brazil; 2 - Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino (INCT-ECCE ), São Carlos (SP), Brazil; 3 - Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology Research Group, Hospital das Clínicas, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine of the University of São Paulo (GNCC-HCFMUSP), São Paulo (SP), Brazil.

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Publicado

2022-03-11

Como Citar

NEVES, E. P.; CRAVO, A. M.; CARTHERY-GOULART, M. T. Funcionalidade do componente N400 e aplicação em estudos de processamento figurativo: Uma revisão sistemática. Revista Linguagem em Foco, Fortaleza, v. 13, n. 4, p. 204–229, 2022. DOI: 10.46230/2674-8266-13-7263. Disponível em: https://revistas.uece.br/index.php/linguagememfoco/article/view/7263. Acesso em: 16 maio. 2022.

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