Explorando as Fronteiras da Superveniência: Uma defensa disjuntivista ao argumento da Causalidade

Autores

  • Ícaro Miguel Ibiapina Machado UFSC

Palavras-chave:

Disjuntivismo, Realismo Ingênuo, Argumento Causal, Superveniência Local, Michael Martin

Resumo

O objetivo deste estudo é fornecer uma defesa do Realismo Ingênuo/Disjuntivismo, apresentando uma nova resposta ao Argumento Causal de Michael Martin que resista à sua subconclusão de que as percepções instanciam a propriedade fundamental das alucinações. Para alcançar esse objetivo, conduzimos uma análise crítica da premissa do argumento, que sustenta que meros processos mentais são suficientes para a exemplificação das propriedades fundamentais das alucinações. Direcionamos nossos questionamentos às razões apresentadas por defensores do argumento, que se baseiam na conjunção de duas proposições. A primeira proposição, nosso foco no presente estudo, afirma que as experiências, em geral, são exclusivamente causadas por processos cerebrais. Essa razão é principalmente respaldada por regularidades observadas entre o cérebro e eventos mentais. No entanto, questionamos esse último passo com base na concepção de que ele implica uma conclusão inadequada a partir de dados empíricos. Em primeiro lugar, isso ocorre por desconsiderar possíveis hipóteses causais adicionais que, segundo o modelo de causação de propriedades determináveis, admitem padrões extras sobrepostos. Em segundo lugar, a razão ignora algumas observações fundamentais sobre subdeterminação empírica

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Publicado

2024-05-09

Como Citar

IBIAPINA MACHADO, Ícaro M. Explorando as Fronteiras da Superveniência: Uma defensa disjuntivista ao argumento da Causalidade. Kalagatos , [S. l.], v. 21, n. 1, p. ek24018, 2024. Disponível em: https://revistas.uece.br/index.php/kalagatos/article/view/13031. Acesso em: 15 jul. 2024.

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